Annual overview of the UK’s strategic export controls policy and licensing regime.
From: Export Control Joint Unit, Department for International Trade, Ministry of Defence, and Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office
Published: 26 July 2021
Annual reports include information on:
- export licensing processes, procedures and responsible departments
- export licensing data and performance statistics
- policy developments
- outreach activity
- UK support to allies and partners
- international policy and regimes
- compliance and enforcement
UK strategic export controls annual report 2020 – 27 July 2021- Corporate report
British Export Control [BEC] is a cadre of ex UK Govt. and EU export control experts, now supporting Governments and businesses throughout the world.
We provide a range of bespoke training , support and guidance to all levels of business from one man concerns, large scale manufacturers, Financial institutions and Governments .
BEC evolved from its training wing, Arms Trade Training [ATT] which has been providing, primarily via EU and UN funding training, outreach and support to Governments throughout the world seeking to implement both the UN arms trade treaty and the Dual use [WMD] requirements of UNSCR 1540. Feedback from UK entities indicated that whilst the Department of International Trade provides export control seminars, they are intermittent and of course cover a wide spectrum, if you are a company exporting night vison equipment, a day spent on WMD materials and chemicals may not be the optimum use of your time and budgetary resources, so ATT can provide a similar course to DIT or one tailor made for your company. Our staff have trained UK Customs, HMRC investigators, Border Force, UK intelligence agencies amongst others, in export control and lectured internationally. For those in Academia, Media and literary works, we have also operated at the highest levels of international counter proliferation.
In addition to routine UK export controls, BEC specializes in those companies involved in moving Military goods from third country to third country, referred to in UK legislation [Export control order 2008] as the Trade controls or more euphemistically as Brokering. The brokering laws can cover any UK person, anywhere in the world that may be involved in a transaction arranging the international transfer of military or paramilitary goods. This can include Banks, insurers, shippers, Military training providers, airlines. In addition of course, there are the range of Trade/Financial sanctions and the Bribery Act (which it seems is being rigorously enforced now)
At BEC, we concentrate on UK based companies and persons, to whom we aim to provide a targeted, affordable service that seeks to ensure export controls do not impede the ‘day to day’ core activity of sales. We can carry out licence applications on your behalf if required.
Which exports are controlled and therefore require a licence, how to apply and what compliance responsibilities you’ll have.
- Do I need an export licence
- End-User and Stockist Undertakings for SIELs
- Assessment of export licence applications: criteria and policy
- Making better licence applications
- Record keeping: compliance and enforcement
BExA Guide to Export Compliance
The British Exporters Association (BExA) has posted a free Guide to Export Compliance on its website. The various chapters cover export control basics, financial compliance, customs compliance, supply chain compliance, and compliance culture in the company.
How to register on and use SPIRE, the online system for applying for an export licence for military or dual-use products
How to check if you need a licence to import or export goods, and the most commonly licensed goods for international trade.
Open general licences
Registering for an Open General Licence, information, guidance and advice on licences, which type you need for your goods.
Dual-use open general licences
Pre-published export licences relating to goods and technology that have both civil and military applications.
Dual-use licences: Cryptographic items – BIS / ECO
Cryptographic items subject to export controls are listed in Category 5 Part 2 of the European Union (EU) Dual-Use List.
Military Goods Open General Export Licences
Find out which Open General Export Licence you need for specific controlled military goods.
Other types of open general export licence
Details of open general export licences that don’t fit into other categories, but remove the need to apply for standard individual export licence.
European Union General Export Authorisations (EU GEAs)
European Union General Export Authorisations (EU GEAs) are the European equivalent of the national system of Open General Licences (OGLs) issued under UK export control law and are designed to licence dual-use exports.
Standard Individual Export Licence – BIS
You will need to apply for a SIEL if you need an export licence and you cannot meet all the stated terms and conditions of an Open General Export Licence (OGEL).
Open Individual Export Licence – BIS / ECO
Open Individual Export Licences allow exporters to export multiple shipments of specific goods to specific destinations.
Global Project Licence – BIS / ECO
A Global Project Licence (GPL) can be used when licensing exports of military goods and technologies to framework agreement (FA) partner states.
The UK Strategic Export Control Lists form the basis of determining whether any products, software or technology that you intend to export are ‘controlled’ and therefore require an export licence.
Export Licensing of Man-Portable Air Defence Systems – BIS / ECO
The UK applies strict national strategic export controls on exporting shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles.
Firearms and export control forms – BIS
The UK – like many other countries – controls the movement (or export) of certain specified items to other countries, including to other EU destinations.
Find out if you need a strategic goods licence to export to the Channel Islands: how goods are listed on the UK Strategic Export Control Lists
If you are a UK company which exports controlled military goods to the United States you will need to comply with US controls, specifically the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
How to judge which exports might potentially be of concern on end-use grounds.
Exports of dual-use goods controlled by EU Dual-Use Regulation are wide ranging, encompassing goods in the telecoms, avionics and security sectors.
The scope of the Radioactive Sources (Control) Order 2006: which substances are controlled and how to apply for an export licence.
Information on goods controlled under the EU Torture Regulation (including licensing of drugs used in execution by lethal injection).
Why governments put trade controls in place, how they work for exporters, and how traders can apply for a licence.
Notices to Exporters – Arms Embargoes and WMD – BIS / ECO
Read updates issued by the Export Control Organisation including details about imposition of arms embargoes,
- BIS – Notices to Exporters
- Sanctions, embargoes and restrictions – BIS / ECO
- Current arms embargoes and other restrictions – Bis / FCO / ECO
- Weapons of Mass Destruction: End-Use Control – BIS / ECO
- Supplementary Weapons of Mass Destruction End-Use controls
- Iran list: WMD end-use control
Countries currently under Sanctions, embargoes and restrictions
Export of nuclear and related goods
Embargoed Destinations listed in the Export Control Order 2008 (Schedule 4 Parts 1 and 2)
- Democratic Republic of Congo
- Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea)
- Ivory Coast
- Republic of Guinea
- South Sudan
UN embargoed destinations and listed in the Export Control Order 2008 (Schedule 4 Part 3)
Partial EU embargoed destinations and listed in the Export Control Order Order 2008 (Schedule 4 Part 3)
Other countries listed in the Export Control Order 2008 (Schedule 4 Part 3)
These countries are subject to transit controls for military goods:
- Macao Special Administrative Region
Countries subject to transit control for Category B Goods (Schedule 4 Part 4)
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- Congo (Brazzaville)
- East Timor (Timor-Leste)
- Guinea Bissau
- Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
- Sri Lanka
- Trinidad & Tobago
Countries subject to military end-use controls
- Armenia and Azerbaijan
- Democratic Republic of Congo
- Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
- Ivory Coast
- Republic of Guinea
- Sierra Leone
- South Sudan
You need a Trade Control Licence if you transfer controlled (military or dual-use) goods between one overseas country and another.
- Brokering (trade) of duel-use items – BIS
- Trade Control Licences for brokering – BIS / ECO
- Transport Controls – Trafficking and Brokering of goods – BIS
- Military – Trade Controls – BIS / ECO
- Extraterritorial Trade Controls – BIS
- Military Trade Controls – Trade Fairs and Exhibitions – BIS
Transhipment licences allow controlled goods to pass through the UK on the way to other destinations: find out when you need one and how to use it.
Members of the UK academic community may need an export licence if they are sharing technical information with colleagues in other countries or dealing with other controlled items.
Export licensing for exporters of controlled technology (ie information used to make controlled goods such as weapons).
UK export controls on technology make specific provision for electronic transfer of military technology.
This guidance provides a brief overview about Crown exemption in respect of the transfers of export controlled military list goods or technology owned by the UK Ministry of Defence (MOD).
Goods in support of UK government defence contracts that require an export licence and use of the Open General Export Licence
The Ministry of Defence Form 680 is used by government to consider the release by companies of equipment or information (including technology or software) classified ‘Official-Sensitive’ or above (including UK material classified ‘Restricted’ or above, graded prior to 2 April 2014, and internationally security classified material) to foreign entities.
This website contains data on export licensing decisions which has historically been published as read only in the quarterly and annual reports.
FCO’s Strategic Export Controls Reports
The Foreign & Commonwealth Office’s Strategic Export Controls Reports demonstrate the Government’s commitment to transparent and responsible…